The term dental plaque has been met by everybody in their lives. It is in commercials for toothpastes, mouth washes, and electric tooth brushes or at the dentist’s office. Most people define dental plaque as a yellowish sticky film forming on the teeth.

What dental plaque really is?

Dental plague is a soft film covering the tooth in the spots with poor self-cleaning and appears on the people who do not provide oral hygiene carefully. Dental plaque sticks firmly on the teeth surface and the removal is possible only by mechanical cleaning. It can accumulate not only on the teeth but also on the tongue mucosa and artificial surface, for example on dentures, braces etc. It is a highly organized structure that is consisting of microorganisms and an inter-microbial substance. Its occurrence is a dynamic process, when the dental pellicle appears – it is a thin cell membrane and the final stage is tartar. While dental plaque can still be removed by a toothbrush during regular oral care, at the tartar it is impossible and for its removal it is necessary to visit the dental hygienist who will remove it by ultra-sound tubular ending.“The biggest part of the dental plaque is formed by microorganisms and their metabolites, it has a significant place in dental caries etiology and Parodonthopatie” MDDr. Marie Gajova, the stomatologist of the Elite Dental clinic adds.
Dental caries forming bacteria participating on the occurrence of the dental plaque is many.

The most significant is Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus and other oral streptococcus.

For dental plaque occur the bacteria would need enough time. It is introduced that dental plaque occurs between 24 – 48 hours. If the careful oral hygiene is provided in this time period, the dental plague has no chance to occur. It is necessary that teeth are cleaned on their entire surface, even in the interdental space spots. It is also very good to take care of tongue hygiene.

If you are not sure about your brushing technique it is suitable to visit a dental hygienist who will help you with the correct oral hygiene practice.

Streptococcus mutans

This bacterium does not occur in the buccal cavity of newborns. The transfer to the child happens from the adult infected person for example by licking a spoon or kiss. If the child has already some tooth cutting, the bacteria has the space to take hold in the mouth and starts to grow. If there is no prevention of it growing on time, there is the base for the dental caries laid.” the doctor adds.

Decreasing of the Streptococcus mutans level in the buccal cavity can be done by Xylitol. “ It is a sweetener reducing the amount of the plaque and its adhesion to the tissues. It stops Streptococcus mutans growth and supports re-mineralization of already existing lesions. Short term consummation of Xylitol reduces the level of Streptococcus mutans in saliva and plaque.